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Cappadocia

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Cappadocia

The first characteristic that comes to mind when Cappadocia, which means the Land of Beautiful Horses, is fairy chimneys. Over the years, the fairy chimneys, which the wind and rain have worked like a sculptor, fascinate the whole world. The monk caves carved into the depths of the valley and the dovecotes on the valley slopes are the characteristics of the region today.

Cappadocia Erciyes and Hasan Mountain tuffs, a settlement area that has survived from the Chalcolithic age, were formed millions of years ago by erupting and spreading. It is not possible to separate nature and history in the region. The history of houses, churches and monasteries carved into fairy chimneys dates back to the Paleolithic era. The history of Cappadocia begins with the Hittites. Cappadocia, located on the Silk Road, has become very important thanks to the Hittites.

It has been a region where Christians fleeing from the defeats of the Romans took refuge. For this reason, it has become an important center of Christianity in its time and many works have been preserved until today.

Göreme National Park, Karain Pigeons, Derinkuyu and Kaymaklı Underground Cities, Karlık Church, Yeşilöz Theodore Church and Soğanlı Archaeological Site are located in the region. At the same time, Cappadocia was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985. It impresses the visitors of the region with its tomb, caravanserai, madrasah and Ottoman period structures representing Seljuk stonemasonry in the region.